- Chancellor Dollfuss of Austria is assassinated by Nazis.
- Hitler becomes Führer when chancellorship and presidency are united.
- U.S.S.R. admitted to League of Nations.
- Dionne sisters, first quintuplets to survive beyond infancy, born in Canada. Background: Multiple Births
- Mao Zedong begins the Long March north with 100,000 soldiers.
- Securities Exchange Act is passed, establishing the Securities and Exchange Commission.
- Federal Communications Commission is established to regulate communications.
- Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker ambushed by lawmen in Louisiana. John Dillinger is shot outside Chicago movie theater.
- Dust storms ruin about 100 million acres and damage another 200 million acres of cropland in Kansas, Texas, Colorado, and Oklahoma (“Dust Bowl”).
Federal spending: $6.54 billion
Consumer Price Index: 13.4
Cost of a first-class stamp: $0.03
St. Louis Cardinals d. Detroit (4-3)
Chicago d. Detroit (3-1)
Women: Dorothy Round d. H. Jacobs (6-2 5-7 6-3)
Men: Fred Perry d. J. Crawford (6-3 6-0 7-5)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Football Champions
Italy d. Czechoslovakia (2-1 (OT))
Fiction: Lamb in His Bosom, Caroline Miller
Drama: Men in White, Sidney Kingsley
Oscars awarded in 1934
Academy Award, Best Picture: Cavalcade (Fox)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Luigi Pirandello (Italy)
- The Communications Act of 1934 creates the Federal Communications Commission, which regulates broadcasting.
- It Happened One Night sweeps the Academy Awards, winning Best Picture, Director, Actor, and Actress.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Harold C. Urey (US), for discovery of heavy hydrogen
Physics: None awarded
Physiology or Medicine: George H. Whipple, George R. Minot, and William P. Murphy (US), for discovery of liver therapy against anemias
- Enrico Fermi works on the creation of new elements through the bombardment of uranium with neutrons.
- Irene and Frederic Joliot-Curie create the first man-made radioactive substance by bombarding aluminumwith alpha particles that create radioactive phosphorus.
- Henrik Dam discovers vitamin K.